Alejandro Salazar-Pressler, Virginia Melo-Ruiz, Beatriz Schettino-Bermudez and Jesus Rodriguez-Diego
Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Calz. Del Hueso 1100, Mexico, D.F. – PC 04960, Mexico
Chia seeds, of a wild plant, play an important role in the diet of different ethnic groups at prehispanic time, later during the colony was domesticated and nowadays is cultivated in several states of Mexico and commercialized, however is not part of a regular diet of Mexican population. The aim of this research was to assess macronutrients of the Chia seeds and promote consumption among population to decrease malnutrition, due to the nutraceutic benefits seeds provide. Chia seeds gathered at Puebla State in September 2015 were macronutrient assessed in dry basis by AOAC methods. Data obtained was: proteins 18.51 %; lipids 31.33 %; minerals 4.43 %; fiber 24.45 %; soluble carbohydrates 21.38 %. Chia seeds absorb water about ten times its weight, contain a good amount of proteins, essential for human life, have a balance amount of essential lipids for the brain function and source of energy, minerals were not assess separated, fiber for digestive processes and soluble carbohydrates source of energy. Chia is used as flour in food cooking, is available and accepted by all social groups, therefore can be a good source of natural product that will help to increase health.